PMPACPstudy

帮助您顺利通过PMP ACP考试认证,欢迎您的加入!

pmp学习笔记|项目成本管理制定预算

pmp学习笔记|项目成本管理制定预算

制定预算,它属于成本管理知识领域规划过程组,过程定义是汇总所有单个活动或工作包的估算成本,建立一个经批准的成本基准。成本基准是经过批准,并且按照时间段分配的项目预算,但是不包括管理储备,成本基准加管理储备等于项目的总预算。


得到三个输出成本基准,项目资金需求,项目文件更新,成本基准是经过批准的,按项目时间段分配的,项目预算它包括了应急储备,不包含管理储备,只有通过正式的变更控制程序才能够进行变更,用于和实际的绩效结果进行比较的依据。通常是一条S曲线,也叫成本绩效基准。


如果加上管理储备,就得到项目的总预算。第四个过程是控制成本,他属于成本管理知识领域监控过程组,过程定义是监督项目状态已更新,项目成本管理成本基准变更。 


项目的总预算包括了经批准用于项目的全部资金,它有六个输入项目管理计划,项目文件,商业文件协议,事业环境因素,组织过程资产用到六个工具,专家判断,成本汇总,数据分析,历史信息审核,资金限制平衡,融资历史信息审核,利用历史信息来建立参数模型数学模型,预测项目的总成本,资金限制平衡,组织对项目的资金拨付并不是一次性全部到位,

应该根据对项目资金的任何限制来平衡资金的支出,不要突然一下花很多钱,也不要这段时间内一分钱不花,可以通过在项目进度计划中添加强制期来实现融资是指为项目获取外部资金,融资的方式多种多样,可以分为债务性融资权益性融资两大类。 


pmp培训

Budgeting, which belongs to the Cost Management Knowledge Area Planning Process Group, which is the process of summarizing the estimated costs of all individual activities or work packages and establishing an approved cost baseline. The cost baseline is the approved project budget allocated by time period, but does not include management reserves. The cost baseline plus management reserve is equal to the total budget of the project.


Obtained three output cost benchmarks, project funding requirements, project documentation updates, and cost benchmarks that are approved and allocated by project timeframe. The project budget includes emergency reserves, does not include management reserves, and only passes formal change control procedures. A change that can be used to compare against actual performance results. Usually an S-curve, also called a cost performance benchmark.


If you add management reserves, you get the total budget of the project. The fourth process is to control costs. He belongs to the Cost Management Knowledge Area Monitoring Process Group. The process definition is to monitor the project status has been updated, and the project cost management cost baseline changes.


no cache
Processed in 0.211309 Second.